Lobbying and Special Interests (includes: campaign finance and health care PACs)
Dr. Carpenter is the Allie S. Freed Professor of Government and Director of the Center for American Political Studies (CAPS) in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University. He conducts research in American politics and political development, political economy, regulation and the history and political economy of pharmaceuticals. He often blends narrative and statistical methods in his research, trying to harness the contributions of different perspectives. He is author of The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy: Networks, Reputations and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928 (Princeton University Press, 2001), and Reputation and Power: Organizational Image and Pharmaceutical Regulation at the FDA (Princeton University Press, 2010). His research and writing have appeared in Studies in American Political Development, the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics, the Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of the American Medical Association, Health Affairs, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, and Archives of Internal Medicine, among other professional venues. He currently serves on the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Scientific Standards for Modified Risk Tobacco Products. Professor Carpenter has been a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford, and has held grants from the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Alfred Sloan foundation. He currently serves as co-editor of the journal Studies in American Political Development and is co-director of Harvard’s Medications and Society Program.
Dr. Fowler received a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Wisconsin – Madison in 2007. Dr. Fowler’s dissertation provides one of the first systematic examinations of both the content and effect of local television news coverage of elections. As a Scholar, she studied the emergence and evolution of competitive framing surrounding HPV-related policy action in local media and how publicized controversy may have shaped public decisions about and confidence in vaccination and immunization programs more generally. She also worked on another project examining variation in health news across outlets with a particular focus on whether media diminish or exacerbate existing inequalities.
Dr. Walker received a Ph.D. in sociology from Pennsylvania State University in 2007. Formerly on the faculty of the University of Vermont, he joined the Department of Sociology at UCLA following his time as an RWJF Scholar. Dr. Walker’s scholarly interests include civil society, political participation, organizations, social movements, and the non-profit sector. His work appears in such venues as the American Sociological Review, American Journal of Sociology, Social Problems, andPublic Opinion Quarterly. His current projects include a longitudinal study of community organizations across the U.S., research on how business contexts shape protest, and an NSF-supported examination of the influence of professional public affairs campaigns on political participation and policy. His book on the latter topic, Grassroots for Hire, is under contract with Cambridge University Press. As an RWJF Scholar, he examined the role of inter-organizational networks in shaping the philanthropic activity of pharmaceutical companies, health insurers, device manufacturers, providers, medical sales companies, and medical research firms.